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Mt. Paektu

Tokyo, January 7 (KNS) – Mt. Paektu is on a lava plateau in the northern border region of the Korean peninsula.

It is 385 km from Pyongyang, the capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. It is the highest mountain in Korea and is 2,750 m above the sea level.
Mt. Paektu is known as the ancestral mountain and it is symbolic of the patriotism of the Korean people and it embodies the spirit of the nation. This is the historic cradle of the victorious 20-year-long anti-Japanese war organized and led by President Kim Il Sung. There are battle sites, guerrilla bases and secret camps used during this period and a log cabin where General Secretary Kim Jong Il was born.
Mt. Paektu is a volcanic caldera with a crater lake, which appears to have occurred one million years ago. Paektu may be translated literally as “White Head”.
This name originates from the fact that the top of the mountain and its surroundings are covered with white pumice stones which originated from various volcanic eruptions.
The mountain belongs to the coldest zone on the Korean peninsula and the weather is prone to sudden changes.
The scenery of the four seasons can be seen in one place on the top of the mountain.
Various species of animals and plants are to be found here.
The plants include Rhododendron ( which bloom even in snow ), Ganoderma and another 200 species. Animals include Paektusan tiger, Martes zibellina Linnaeus, Hydropotes inermis Swinhoe and another 55 species and subspecies of 18 families in 6 orders.
Thus Mt. Paektu becomes not only the national but also international conservation zones. Mt. Paektu is one of the five noted mountains and eight beauty spots in Korea.
The landscape and weather conditions of the Mt. Paektu area benefit the people’s health.
Low air-pressue on the high land improves the respiratory function.
Ultraviolet rays become strong as one goes up the mountain and the air is clear and fresh and the ion density is high.

Image credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/fljckr/1026044381/

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