Hyonmu Gate, Showcase of Castle Gate Architecture

Pyongyang, June 27 (KCNA) — There are many architectural legacies in Korea.

Among them is the Hyonmu Gate which is typical of unique castle gate architecture.

It, located at the foot of Moran Hill, was the northern gate of the Walled City of Pyongyang during Koguryo Dynasty.

The name of Hyonmu Gate was derived from the black tortoise-serpent, one of the four deities guardians — Chongryong (blue dragon), Paekho (white tiger), Jujak (red bird) and Hyonmu (black tortoise-serpent) which were supposed to protect the east, west and south and the north among the ancient people of Korea.

The first Hyonmu Gate was built in the middle of the 6th century. Its ground was built with quadrangular pyramid-shaped stones and the upper part of the gate from the middle built with well-trimmed fan-shaped stones in the form of arch.

There stands a pavilion with hip-saddle roof supported by wooden pillars above the gate. The front of the pavilion is viewed as three compartments (7.05 m) and the flank as one compartment (3.1 m).

It, suited to the topographical conditions of Moran Hill, is a treasure of the nation, which shows the developed castle gate architecture of Koguryo.

It, destroyed by the U.S. indiscriminate bombing in the past Korean war, was restored to the original state in Juche 43 (1954).

The gate is kept and managed as it was under the correct policy of the Workers’ Party of Korea on preserving historical and cultural relics.

Image credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/26781577@N07/15237306291/

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