Pyongyang, July 20 (KCNA) — There is a national classical book “Maechon’s Records”.
The six-volume book was written by Hwang Hyon, a scholar and writer, who was active in the closing years of the Ri Dynasty (1392 – 1910). The book, written in a diarial form, contains records of historical facts and individual figures in the period from 1864 to 1910. Maechon was the pen name of Hwang Hyon.
He was born in Kwangyang County, South Jolla Province, in 1855.
He won the first place in the state examination in 1888. But he refused to enter upon a wild political career, went back to his home town and was devoted to reading.
Unable to control his wrath at the occupation of the country by the Japanese imperialists, he committed suicide on September 10, 1910, after leaving four poems.
Among a lot of data are records of a scramble for power between Taewongun, father of King Kojong, and Queen Min, the strong-arm politics of Queen Min and her relatives on the mother’s side, the Kapsin Coup D’etat, the Kapo Reform, the Ulmi Incident, “Emissary Incident in Hague”, the Kapo Peasant War, the Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, fabrication of the “Ulsa Five-point Treaty”, treacheries of pro-Japanese bureaucrats and tax extortion of people.
The book details the internal situation and international relations of the then Korea embracing political, economic, military, cultural and external fields.
“Maechon’s Records” serves as a valuable old book which is of importance in the study of the modern history of Korea.
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